Sutra 2.4: avidya kshetram uttaresham prasupta tanu vicchinna udaranam
- avidya = ignorance
- kshetram = origin, fertile womb,
- uttaresham = for the others
- prasupta = inactive, dormant
- tanu = Self, weakened, reduce, of form, of manifestation
- vicchinna = intercepted, interrupted, distorted, disconnected, ceased
- udaranam = rising, ascending, active
Translated loosely into English;
Ignorance is the origin of the others; whether 1) dormant, 2)weakened, 3) intercepted or 4) ascending to active.
The afflictions are present in one of these four states;
1) DORMANT; awakens when the object is present. Example: When I see a cockroach.
2) WEAKENED; partial comprehension and understanding is there. Remaining calm in moments of fear or anguish. Example: When I see a cockroach, I help it outside without screaming bloody murder.
3) INTERCEPTED; one emotion/feeling/thought is intercepted by another. Example: If one will risk life for a million dollars, greed intercepts the fear of death.
4) ACTIVE; Becoming absorbed by the affliction, fully aware of the rising affliction, most commonly it is what pervades the thoughts regularly. Example: Weight/Body issues, Sex/Relationship issues, and Career/Money/Financial Security issues. These afflictions seem small but are extremely powerful.
A fifth state can be recognized as having qualities of discriminative knowledge, the calm awareness that is able to remove the bondage of ignorance and all afflictions.