Sutra 2.2: avidya asmita raga dvesha abhinivesha pancha klesha
- avidya = ignorance
- asmita = Ego, Ego-ness
- raga = desire, addiction, habits
- dvesha = aversion
- abhinivesha = fear (aversion) of death/demise
- pancha klesha = the five afflictions/causes (are)
Translated loosely into English;
Ignorance, Ego, Desire, Aversion and Fear (of Death) are the five afflictions.
Patanjali tells the student exactly what is to be reduced (in the Yoga of Action).
1. AVIDYA = Ignorance, the opposite of vidya, true knowledge/science
2. ASMITA = Egoism, I-Am-ness that permades humanity
3. RAGA = Desire, wanting what we do not have, wanting more of what we have
4. DVESHA = Aversion, rejecting what we have, rejecting environment,
5. ABINIVESHA = FEAR of Death, Fear of anything,
Yoga Sutra 2.3 is one of the strongest intentions of the path of Yoga. First the student must have awareness to the 5 colorings of the mind on a gross and subtle level. Secondly, the student will begin to question, contemplate and recognize these afflictions on a gross and/or subtle level. Then the student will be able to dissolve afflictions by having the knowledge of them and the practice to erradicate them .