Sutra 1.23: ishvara pranidhana va
- ishvara = (ishwara) God, Goddess, Divine, Deity, purusha, pure consciousness, our true nature, pure awareness, Supreme Being,
- pranidhana = devotion, dedication, dedicated to, surrendering, vow, prayer
- va = or
Translated loosely into English;
Or from intense devotion and total surrender to Ishvara
Samadhi can be obtained by devotion to the Divine, by any name whether it is Allah, AUM, Christ, God, Jehovah, Jesus, Lord, OM or alike. The name Ishvara (also Ishwara) has no religious affiliation, is not male nor female and has no image other than luminous light attributed to it. Ishvara is all-encompassing, all-pervasive and of all forms.
There are many ways of achieving samadhi. No experience is the same, however similar they may be.
From Swami Rama ‘What God Is from Enlightenment Without God’;
….Due to the lack of direct experience, God has been personified and given various names and forms by religions throughout the ages. When one expands one’s individual consciousness to the Universal Consciousness, it is called Self-realization, for the individual self has realized the unity of diversity, the very underlying principle, or Universal Self, beneath all forms and names. The great sages of the Upanishads avoid the confusions related to conceptions of God and encourage students to be honest and sincere in their quests for Self-realization. Upanishadic philosophy provides various methods for unfolding higher levels of truth and helps students to be able to unravel the mysteries of the individual and the universe.