Sutra 1.6; pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smritayah
- pramana = derives from the root word ‘prama’ meaning proof, credibility, right knowledge,
- viparyaya = illusion, invalid cognition, colored, distorted, wrong knowledge
- vikalpa = imagining, forming concepts, judgement, views, opinions, labels, daydreaming, conceptualizing
- nidra = sleep, deep sleep
- smritayah = memory
Translated loosely into English;
Credible/right knowledge, distorted/wrong knowledge, imagination, sleep, memory are the five states of mind.
Any thought form entering the mind, can be classified into [these] five categories.By observing the mind, thought waves can be identified as right knowledge or wrong knowledge. As a witness, an observer to our mind, we are undisturbed, unaffected and unable to gain more subconscious imprints (samkaras).
Observe thoughts as they are, without generating any attachment or identity with them.